Saturday, 23 July 2016

South Sudan opposition replaces missing leader Machar


A faction of South Sudan's armed opposition says it has temporarily replaced its leader Riek Machar, who is also the country's first vice president, raising the prospect of more turmoil after weeks of unrest.

Machar led a rebellion against President Salva Kiir in December 2013 but signed a peace deal last year, paving the way for him to return to the capital, Juba, as vide president.
Yet, Machar has not been seen in public since he fled Juba last week after days of intense fighting between rival troops left over 300 people dead and threatened to send the young country back to all-out civil war.
Kiir had given Machar a Saturday afternoon deadline to return to Juba and work together towards rebuilding peace, pledging to guarantee his safety.
But Machar, who is in hiding, has said he would only come back when an international body set up a buffer force to separate his forces from the president's. His supporters also insisted on Friday that Machar had no plans of returning, accusing Kiir of trying to oust or even kill their leader.
Machar's chief of staff, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, said Taban Deng Gai, who had acted as the rebels' chief negotiator, would become first vice president until Machar returned.
The faction had warned earlier that it would replace Machar if he did not return to the capital to continue his work in the government.
But Nyarji Roman, a spokesman for Machar's side who is also in hiding, said on Saturday the move was a "conspiracy" to overthrow their leader. He added that Machar fired Deng on Friday for holding unilateral negotiations with Kiir, the Associated Press news agency reported.
"This makes the implementation of the peace process harder than ever before," Al Jazeera's Hiba Morgan, reporting from Juba, said.
"It's the last thing the people of South Sudan need."
Douglas Johnson, an Oxford-based scholar on South Sudan, said that  Machar had been "forced out of Juba" twice. 
"You can understand his concern about his own safety. There has been no real guarantee from the government of Salva Kirr that he [Machar] would be safe," he told Al Jazeera.
"Something has to be done to reassure him."
South Sudan was founded with optimistic celebrations in the capital on July 9, 2011, after it gained independence from Sudan in a referendum that passed with a nearly 100 percent of the vote.
The country descended into conflict in December 2013 after Kiir accused Machar of plotting a coup.
Civil war broke out when soldiers from Kiir's Dinka ethnic group disarmed and targeted troops of Machar's Nuer ethnic group. Machar and commanders loyal to him fled to the countryside, and tens of thousands of people died in the conflict that followed. Many civilians also starved.
The pair of rivals signed a peace agreement late last year, under which Machar was once again made Vice President.
The latest setbacks are putting the fragile peace plan at risk.
"I think there are ways in which there could be a renegotiation of aspects of the peace agreement if there is an intention to implement it," said Johnson.
"We don't yet know if there's intention to implement it, or if there is a desire to scrap it entirely."
Meanwhile, thousands have been displaced in the wake of the heavy fighting.
More than 8,300 refugees fled the violence and crossed into neighbouring Uganda in a single day this week, setting a one-day record for this year, UN officials said on Friday.
The refugees, nearly all women and children, were escaping stepped-up fighting between forces loyal to Kiir and those backing Machar, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees said.
Throughout the week, more than 26,000 South Sudanese traveled south to Uganda, pushing the limits of humanitarian groups working in the region, UNHCR said.

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